- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoAnsiedad y adicción a las redes sociales en tiempos de postpandemia(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Molina Bermeo , Viviana; Morales Avila, Elizabeth; Campoverde Pesantez, Augusta; 0106551963; 0103981759Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic triggered health measures such as social isolation, which in many cases acted as a risk factor for the emergence of various mental disorders. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between anxiety and addiction to social media in post-pandemic times in a subsample of 231 male and female participants aged 19 to 64 years from different regions of Ecuador. Regarding the methodology, the study was non-experimental, with a cross-sectional and correlational design and a quantitative approach. Inclusion criteria included acceptance of informed consent and access to the internet and digital platforms. Individuals who did not belong to the Coastal Lowlands, the Andean Highlands, and the Amazon Rainforest regions were excluded. The anxiety variable was assessed using the DASS-21 scale, and the BSMAS instrument was employed to assess the addiction variable. It was found that young women with primary education, single, from the coast presented severe anxiety. Young men with primary and fourth-level education, single, divorced, and from the coastal and highland regions showed high levels of addiction to social media. Additionally, 61.9% of the sample reported some degree of anxiety, while 81.8% presented some level of addiction to social media.
- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoLa violencia filio-parental en el núcleo familiar. Planteamiento de un programa de prevención primaria.(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Villavicencio Fernández , Analí; Padilla Samaniego, María; 0706099983This literature review examines current perspectives and approaches about primary prevention in the field of parent-child violence. This study aimed to characterize parent-child violence within the family nucleus. The specific objectives were to explain parent-child violence and its types, briefly describe family structure, analyze models describing parent-child violence, and propose a primary psychotherapeutic prevention program to avert this type of violence. The methodology was based on a thematic analysis of empirical studies, scientific articles, and meta-analyses published in the last ten years, consulted in databases of indexed journals such as SciELO, Redalyc, SCIENCE, Scopus, CUIDENplus, and Clase. Findings reveal that parent-child violence is a complex phenomenon influenced by individual, social, familial, economic, and cultural factors. On the other hand, intervention programs rarely focused on primary prevention, and secondary and tertiary prevention generally had little or no effect, as they did not establish change and had a high probability of recurrence. Therefore, the authors emphasize the importance of multilevel and multidisciplinary intervention in developing parental skills, emotional management, and family communication. In conclusion, this review offers various perspectives that comprehensively and updatedly characterize this type of violence and indicate the need to integrate holistic preventive strategies based on evidence.
- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoPérdida parental en la infancia y consecuencias psicológicas en adultos Latinoamericanos.(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Domínguez Santacruz, Pablo; Enríquez Uyaguari, Lady; Armas Mesa, Idania; 0150481026; 0106921265The death of parents is an event that influences people's lives significantly regardless of their stage of development. However, experiencing it in early stages, such as childhood, can cause negative consequences in both the short and long term, lasting until adulthood, causing psychosocial conditions in those unable to overcome these experiences adequately. Therefore, the objective proposed prior to writing this article focused on analyzing the psychological consequences in Latin American adults who experienced parental loss in their childhood. This was achieved through a bibliographic research analysis based on scientific and validated databases. The most remarkable results showed how the consequences derived from the death of parents encompass different problems in the area of mental health in adulthood. Among these consequences are the risk of having higher levels of cortisol due to stress, the danger of suffering from cancer due to the influence of substance use, mental imbalances such as mood disorders, psychosis, panic disorders, self-harm episodes, phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder, and difficulties establishing healthy interpersonal relationships. In consequence, early parental loss is a risk factor that acts significantly in the development of human beings, causing the appearance of traumas, disorders, and diseases and carrying negative repercussions until adulthood, where the repressed symptoms of a poor adaptive process are mainly triggered.
- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoComportamientos sexuales de riesgo en la adultez tardía(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Morocho Paqui , Tania; Viñanzaca López, Juan; 0150664175Late adulthood nowadays reflects a need to intervene in several aspects, one of them being sexuality, which has not been given the importance it requires. On the other hand, prevention of risk behaviors is only linked to the adolescent population, considered the only social problem of premature pregnancy —an issue discarded in late adulthood due to changes in reproductivity—; therefore, the need to investigate sexuality in older adults arises. In this sense, this study aims to identify sexual risk behaviors in late adulthood through a bibliographic research design employing a descriptive scope with a qualitative approach supported by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) by searching information in Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Francis & Taylor, Dialnet, and Redalyc, using keywords such as sexual behaviors, risk factors, late adulthood, condom use, and sexual partners. Sixteen articles were retrieved, and six sexual risk behaviors in late adulthood were identified. In conclusion, the study confirms the presence of sexual risk behaviors, including condom use, number of sexual partners, alcohol and substance use, commercial sex, sexually transmitted diseases (STI) diagnosis, and homosexual tendencies. This shows a vulnerability regarding their sexual health, leading to the necessity for psychoeducation and intervention in this group to prevent risk. Limitations include scarce information and the age of the data.
- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoAfectación de la violencia intrafamiliar en salud mental de la población geriátrica.(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Andrade Honores , Carmen; Morocho Guamán , Deysi; Viñanzaca López, Juan; 0704584671; 1950188597Intrafamily violence greatly impairs the mental health of older adults. This research employed a bibliographic design with a qualitative approach and a descriptive scope supported by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. This research aimed to determine the affectation of intrafamily violence on the mental health of the geriatric population, to relate intrafamily violence and the mental health of older adults, and to identify intervention strategies in cases of intrafamily violence within this demographic. For this reason, scientific articles were collected from PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Taylor & Francis, and Redalyc. It was determined that intrafamily violence in the geriatric population generates diverse psychological consequences, encompassing depression, feelings of worthlessness, uncertainty, post-traumatic stress, depression, anguish, fear, social anxiety, diminished psychological well-being, dissatisfaction with life, anxiety, insomnia, irritability, social maladjustment, feelings of submissiveness, dementia, psychopathy, eating disorders, decreased self-esteem, anger, difficulty concentrating, confusional syndromes, social withdrawal, decreased interest in life, and suicidal ideation, among others. Therefore, effective psychological interventions to reduce these symptoms were psychoeducation, problem-solving, behavioral activation, prolonged in vivo exposure therapy, problem-emotion-focused coping, and cognitive behavioral therapy. It is concluded that intrafamily violence affects the mental health of the geriatric population, causing different consequences, and thus, psychological intervention is required to counteract them.