Trabajos de Titulación - Ingeniería Psicología Clínica

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  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Desregulación emocional en el trastorno del espectro autista.
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Loja Matos, Adrián; Padilla Samaniego, María; 0104782602
    Introduction. People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) manifest a series of characteristics in different areas of their functioning, among them the dysregulation of their emotions. This condition occurs throughout their lives and increases their limitations in social interactions. Methodology: It was based on a literature review under a qualitative approach and descriptive scope; it contemplated the review of articles in repositories such as Redalyc, SciELO, the repository of the Catholic University of Cuenca, Scopus, Web of Science, and Taylor & Francis. Results: Emotional dysregulation is a characteristic present in people with ASD, understanding then that this is an essential difficulty for people with this condition. Secondly, ASD presents an etiology associated with neurological alterations in brain functioning at the structural, biochemical, and neuroanatomical levels. Finally, there are different intervention programs, such as cognitive behavioral strategies, story reading, anger and frustration management, mindfulness, and functional communication training, which generate positive and significant changes in the emotional regulation capacity of people with ASD based on cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects, being also important the training of parents. Conclusion. Emotional dysregulation is a frequent condition in the highest percentage of people with ASD, which can be addressed through the implementation of group and individual programs aimed at treating this condition.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Depresión en parejas que viven violencia psicológica.
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Gutama Vintimilla, Janeth; León Prieto, María; 0106854581
    Depression is a worldwide condition; it is estimated that more than 260 million individuals suffer from this disease; according to the World Health Organization (WHO), this disorder affects people of all ages, races, genders, and socioeconomic conditions. This literature review aims to describe the consequences of depression in people who are victims of psychological aggression within the context of intimate partner relationships. For this purpose, articles were searched in recognized databases, such as Scopus, Web of Science, and Taylor & Francis. The final selection included 41 articles that met the established inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results of the reviewed studies indicate that both men and women who have suffered intimate partner abuse experience negative repercussions in their mood, presenting a higher prevalence of depression and suicidal thoughts. In conclusion, the literature reviewed shows that depression in people who suffer intimate partner violence is a serious problem with long-term consequences that may include emotional dependence on the aggressor, substance use, and low self-esteem.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Trastorno por atracón: Eficacia de tratamientos psicológicos.
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Asitimbay Cabrera, Karina; Malla Zambrano, Joselyn; Rodríguez Reyes, María; 0105441299; 1312792631
    Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is an eating behavior disorder in which the subject who suffers from it retains an unrestrained appetite and ends up having an increased intake of food in a short period; these binges subsequently result in feelings of guilt, sadness, and shame. This research aims to analyze the most effective psychological treatments for addressing Binge Eating Disorder through a literature review from 2013 to 2023, compiled from digital repositories such as Taylor & Francis, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science. For the management of Binge Eating Disorder symptomatology, the main treatments have been Interpersonal Therapy, Behavioral Therapy, and Psychopharmacotherapy; however, in the literature review analysis, it was concluded that the most effective in different modalities was Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), such as Individual CBT which focused on providing patient's self-efficacy and regulation of negative emotions after binge eating. Group CBT achieved greater adherence to treatment, Integrative CBT-Affective CBT addressed binge eating frequency, and CBT- Guided CBT, focused more on adopting and improving eating skills and habits for a better quality of life.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Competencias parentales y su influencia en la depresión en los adolescentes.
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2023) Guiracocha Saldaña , Mario; Morocho Sánchez, Cynthia; Cobos Cobos, María; 0105857924; 1401011075
    This research study is qualitative and its objective is to carry out a bibliographic review on the main parental competencies that generate depression in adolescents, establishing search strategies in databases such as Scielo, Redaly, PubMed, Psyctest, PsycNET and for research purposes. To collect data, a search was carried out using key words, the data found give an answer to the specific objectives such as specifying the depressive symptomatology of adolescents affected by the relationship of their parental figures and identifying the emotional alterations generated in adolescents by parental competencies. The data found are concepts on parental competencies, family types, parenting styles, depressive symptomatology, adolescence, and studies that have been carried out at national level. If parental competencies are not adequately managed within the family, problems are triggered that imply low self- esteem, school problems, inability to socialize with their peers, as well as depressive symptomatology that can lead to fatal outcomes, among them self-harm and suicide attempts. Thus, the relationship between parents and children is a determining cause of mental health which influences their growth and personal development. Concluding that the family is the institution that fulfills the most essential role in the socialization of human beings. It is evident that the role of parents in this socialization is quite important; they will create indispensable interactions for the development of the adolescent through their methods of control, communication, education and affective delivery.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Factores de riesgo biopsicosociales en el dolor psicofisiológico en niños de 5 a 12 años.
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Morales León, María; Cobos Cobos, María; 0150152437
    Introduction: Psychophysiological pain in children is a phenomenon that has a significant impact on their comprehensive health, covering emotional, social and cognitive aspects. Objective: To analyze the biopsychosocial risk factors associated with psychophysiological pain symptoms in children between 5 and 12 years of age. Methodology: A bibliographic study with a qualitative approach and a descriptive scope was conducted. The information search was carried out in scientific databases using specific keywords. A group of 30 studies that met predefined inclusion criteria, such as language, year of publication, and research objectives, were selected and analyzed. Results: Among the main risk factors, adverse experiences in childhood, family conflicts and psychological trauma can be highlighted. The complex interaction between biological, psychological and social elements is related to a significant vulnerability to the development of psychophysiological pain in children. Conclusion: There is an intricate interconnection between biopsychosocial factors, which may confer vulnerability or precipitate the emergence of psychophysiological pain in children. However, the imperative need for longitudinal studies with comparison groups is highlighted to establish stronger causal relationships between these factors and the occurrence of pain.