Recent Submissions

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Open Access
El embarazo en la adolescencia y su influencia en la deserción escolar y el trabajo infantil
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2023) Célleri Alvear, Ruth Paulina; Fernández Aucapiña, Nancy Yolanda; 0603270414
Early pregnancy is an unmistakable sign of inequality, social injustice, and violation of the human rights of children and adolescents. This condition produces a complex biopsychosocial imbalance in adolescents, risking their health and life. It is caused by poverty, marginalization, low education, and cultural patterns, among others; it also generates school dropout and child labor as consequences. This research analyzes the repercussions of adolescent pregnancy on education, school dropout, and child labor in patients treated in two health centers in Cuenca, Ecuador, from January 2020 to July 2021. Within the methodology, a quantitative approach with a non-experimental transectional design was determined. The research had a descriptive and explanatory scope; the deductive method allowed the formulation of hypotheses tested with the PSPP statistical program. Furthermore, we worked with the universe considering the 281 cases. The results show that adolescent pregnancy influences school dropout, mainly in adolescents between 13 and 18 years of age, and in child labor, especially in adolescents who have dropped out of school. The conclusion is that adolescent pregnancy is one of the most significant social problems affecting this population's life project, causing severe repercussions in the educational sphere.
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Open Access
La pobreza como factor asociado al embarazo adolescente: niveles económicos
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Almeida Bazurto, Marife Jacqueline; Kastdalen Mendoza, Nathalie Anette; Urgilés, Sandra; 0107748923; 2000110441
Teen pregnancy is a global problem, with only a slight decrease in most countries in recent years. The regions with the highest teenage pregnancy rates are low- and middle-income countries. In the national context, Ecuador is ranked as one of the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean with the highest rate of pregnancy in the country. Therefore, the objective of this research was to analyze poverty as a factor associated with teenage pregnancy in a medical center in the city of Cuenca-Ecuador. The findings showed that most teenagers belonged to a medium economic condition and poverty and to a Medium Typical C+ and Medium Low C- economic level. In addition to this, in the medium condition, teenagers were able to access better jobs, and in a poverty condition, they represented one of the highest percentages of illness. Therefore, it was established that a medium-low economic level and a poverty condition are factors associated with teenage pregnancy.
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Open Access
Parámetros estéticos en la rehabilitación con prótesis total. Reporte de caso clínico.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Meneses Suarez , Mayra Andrea; Vergara Sarmiento, Paul Fernando; 0350006805
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Open Access
Efecto de allium sativum, zingiber officinale y piper carpunya, como prebióticos en pollos broiler.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Moina Remache, Dannes Fernando; Cuenca Condoy, Mercy del Cisne; 0106401144
The study evaluated the effect of Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale and Piper carpunya, as prebiotics in Broiler chickens, for them 1000 chickens of the Broiler line, one day old, with an average weight of 45 g were used; the birds were distributed under a complete random design, in five treatments, T0 (Control), T1 (0.5% Garlic), T2 (0.5% Ginger), T3 (0.5% Guaviduca) and T4 (0 , 5% between Garlic + Ginger + Guaviduca), including 4 repetitions for each treatment and 50 chickens for each repetition. The zootechnical management of the birds was similar in all the experimental units, especially in what corresponds to density of birds / m2, environmental variables, sanitary calendar and nutritional program in terms of quantity of food supplied. The variables evaluated were productive parameters (total live weight, weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion, carcass weight and percentage of mortality), hematological profile (erythrocyte count, hematocrit, hemoglobin, leukocytes, heterophiles, lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils and monocytes) and serum immunoglobulin levels (IgG, IgM, IgA / mg / dl). The results showed that the combination of 0.5% of Garlic, Ginger and Guaviduca improves the production parameters of the birds, regarding weight increase and feed conversion; However, regarding the weight of the organs of the immune system, hematological profile and immunoglobulins, it was evidenced that the addition of natural prebiotic products in the diet of broilers has a positive impact on these variables. It is concluded that the use of natural products as prebiotics improves the productive parameters and the immune system of the birds, being able to be a substitute alternative to growth-promoting antibiotics. Keywords: Garlic, Ginger, Guaviduca, Broilers, performance, immune system.
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Open Access
Diseño e implementación de un prototipo de incubadora neonatal para perros.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Nugra Alvarracin, Ramiro Fernando; Rubio Arias, Pablo Geovanny; 0105139430
In this work shows the design and construction of a medical device capable of simulating an environment conducive to canine neonates, contributing a suitable monitoring of physiological parameters in such a way that the operator easily manipulates the device, being of great help for veterinary centers. To reduce the canine neonatal mortality rate. The neonatal incubator encompasses the structural construction and a manual control system, it is proposed to use a software and hardware system Opensource (Open Source) and DIY Do It Yourself (Do it yourself), which were highly accessible. The controls are automated for the four programmed states depending on the humidifier, fan and heater, being easy to manipulate with the buttons to change ranges, all this will depend on the week the puppy enters the incubator. The programming given for each state or week that the incubator is automated, both the heater, humidifier, fan, as well as the oxygen flow, are independently programmed to function according to each of them, for example, if the temperature rises more than Allowable range the fan turns on and is responsible for entering air into the passenger compartment, as well as having high concentrations of CO2, oxygen will enter. Keywords: Incubator, Neonate, Temperature, Humidity, Oxygen.
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Open Access
Alteraciones del comportamiento en caninos frente al confinamiento por covid-19.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Luna Rojas, Mirely Cecibel; Rubio Arias, Pablo Geovanni; 0604071902
Canine behavior disorders are very common worldwide; however, in Ecuador it is still an undervalued issue by owners and veterinarians. The objective of this research was to determine the main behavioral alterations in canines due to the confinement effect in the Covid 19 pandemic. In which it includes environmental, physical and socio-behavioral characteristics; in addition to clinical manifestations, this through frequency ranges from 1 (lowest) - 5 (highest). 200 surveys were conducted with owners who entered the Pet Master, Guaf and Famaves veterinary clinics in the cities of Cuenca and Riobamba respectively. Among the results obtained, there is a greater correlation in tail-chasing behaviors, constant head movements, increased urination and destruction in the environment. Within these signs, it can be foreseen that it is an anxiety disorder, given that it is a pathological state that modifies the balance between the environment, man and objects, making them irritating; in turn, this state leads to easily develop aggressiveness in the pet. Among the treatments used by various researchers, the use of behavior modification programs and the use of drugs from the benzodiazepine group have been chosen, since the results of these have been promising. Keywords: Dogs, behavior, disorders, owners.
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Open Access
Efecto de la L-carnitina en la criopreservación del semen de ovino.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Morocho Carchi, Vilma Janneth; Argudo Garzón, Daniel Ernesto; 0106213218; Daniel Ernesto
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of L carnitine in the cryopreservation of sheep semen, on microscopic seminal parameters after thawing. Twelve ejaculates from two merino sheep were used using the artificial vagina method, which presented an average volume of 1.3 + 0.40mL, whitish color, creamy appearance, pH of 6.6 + 0.46, initial concentration 3392, 5 ± 370.19 x 106 / ml progressive individual motility 89.6 + 5.82% and a mass motility around grade 4.7 + 0.45. Subsequently, each ejaculate was diluted with four treatments: T1 (Triladyl + L-carnitine), T2 (Triladyl), T3 (Andromed + L-carnitine) and T4 (Andromed), the diluted semen was slowly cooled to 5 ° C at its Once stored in 0.25mL straws and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. The frozen straws were individually thawed at 37 ° C for 60 seconds in a water bath, for the microscopic evaluation of the sperm. The results obtained after thawing, for progressive individual motility (MIP) were 76.3 ± 8.56%, 76.3 ± 12.99%, 5.2 ± 4.37% and 4.2 + 2.98% respectively. , in which it was determined that the frozen samples with the T1 and T2 treatment regardless of whether or not L-carnitine was added to them were statistically superior to T3 and T4. For vitality, 35.57 ± 11.60% were obtained for T1, 40.92 ± 13.55% for T2, 5.47 ± 5.74% for T3 and 4.09 ± 4.03% for T4, in it can be seen that in the first two treatments they statistically exceed frozen samples with T3 and T4. Regarding the amount of abnormalities, it follows the same trend as the previous results, where 9.54 ± 7.91% T1 and 8.14 ± 4.08% T2 have a lower percentage of abnormal sperm with respect to the other two treatments. When analyzing the sperm membranes, it was established that the addition of L-carnitinca in the treatments did not present an increase in the amount of sperm with the integral membrane. However, the treatment T1 with 32.31 ± 7.60% and T2 with 31.27 ± 6.70%, had a greater quantity of sperm with the integral membranes, with respect to T3 with 5.46 ± 3.52% and T4 with 4.40 ± 3.14%. In conclusion, the addition of L-carnitine as an antioxidant in the cryopreservation of sheep semen under our study conditions did not have benefits in the spermatozoa in any of the parameters studied. Keywords: L-carnitine, Andromet, Triladyl, Cryopreservation, sperm, sheep.
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Open Access
Estudio comparativo del proceso de domesticación del cuy andino (cavia porcellus) frente a los animales de producción de granja tradicionales.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Loja Nivelo, Mercy Lorena; Maldonado Cornejo, Manuel Esteban; 0105801948
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) domestication occurred more than two thousand years ago, in the inter-andean region, in order to obtain food for our ancestors and in present this relationship persist for socioeconomic purposes. This work studies and compares the guinea pig domestication processes, versus other traditional farm animals such as: pig (Sus scroffa domesticus), rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), bovine (Bos taurus), and llama (Lama glama). A synthesis of the anthropological, ethological and physiological species changes was made, as well as of productivity and socioeconomic importance. In this interrelation, it can be observed that the domestication processes are similar between all species, but in the guinea pig there is a small difference, because it has not reached a radical change in its behavior and anatomy, since it still retains its nervous temperament and its anatomic conformation is not far away from the wild one. It also has a distance in terms of productivity and socio-economic value compared to pigs, cattle or lama. In conclusion, the guinea pig domestication did not cause a drastic change in the specie, since it still presents similar characteristics to its wild ancestor, except for those that are pets. Nerveless it is an emblematic animal that is essential to study and promote its conservation, since it represents a cultural heritage in our country. Key Words: behavior, domestication, emblematic.
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Open Access
Enfermedades zoonoticas que afectan a los perros en los casos de síndrome de Noé en la ciudad de Cuenca - Ecuador.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Guerrero Guevara, Paul Santiago; Moscoso Piedra , Andrés Leonardo; 0105724157
The objective of the present investigation was to determine the presence of zoonotic and infectious diseases in relation to Noah's syndrome, for which samples were taken in different homes in the canton of Cuenca in coordination with the Ministry of Public Health (MSP) and the National Institute of Public Health Research (INSPI), a study was carried out in the rural area and in the urban area of the city of Cuenca. The following results were obtained: In the two cases mentioned, a total of 10 dogs with suspected clinical symptoms were obtained; the methods used were blood samples, skin scrapings and faecal samples. The methods used were blood samples, skin scrapings and faecal samples. Both areas showed a low level of dermal fungal ectoparasites, in contrast to the results of the coproparasitic tests, where the parasite load was very high in both areas. The prevalence of the following zoonotic diseases was identified: in the rural area with regard to endoparasites, a prevalence of 60% of Toxocara spp. was identified, which contained 3 positive samples, a lower result compared to the urban area which has 5 positive samples equivalent to 100% prevalence, Cystoisospora presents a prevalence of 2 positive samples corresponding to 40%, in the urban area presented similar results 2 positive samples corresponding to 40% prevalence of Cystoisospora, in the rural area was identified the presence of a single positive sample of Isospora spp with a prevalence of 20%, The zoonotic diseases identified by dermal fungal ectoparasites in the rural area are a single positive sample of Candida with a prevalence of 20%, In the rural area, one positive sample of Trichophyton and Microsporum was identified in the rural area, corresponding to 20%, and two positive samples of Demodex were identified in the rural area, corresponding to 40%, in conclusion, in both rural and urban areas Noah's syndrome is present. Keywords: zoonotic diseases, Noah's Syndrome, Ministry of Public Health, dermal fungal ectoparasites, coproparasites, public health, public health
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Open Access
Efecto del porcentaje de glicerol en la criopreservación de semen en aves de combate.
(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Reinoso León, Jaime Marcelo; Moscoso Piedra, Andrés Leonardo; 0105520498
Optimization of rooster sperm cryopreservation is aimed at the efficient use of cryoprotective agents (CPA) to increase cryosurvival. Glycerol (Gly) is the most efficient CPA used in avian species, however, its concentration can influence post-thaw sperm motility and viability. The present study evaluated the effect of different concentrations of Gly added (v/v) Lake-Ravie extender on the sperm cryosurvival of the fighting rooster. For this purpose, six Spanish fighting cocks were used to obtain a total of 36 ejaculates obtained by dorsal massage (6 sessions/week). Six semen groups (pools) of 6 ejaculates each were formed. Each pool pre-diluted (1: 1) with Lake-Ravie was divided into 6 aliquots that were finally diluted with 0 (control), 2 (Gly-2), 4 (Gly-4), 6 (Gly-6), 8 (Gly-8), and 10% (Gly-10) glycerol respectively, and frozen in static liquid nitrogen vapors. The kinetics and plasma membrane integrity (PMI) were evaluated before and after freezing of each treatment using the computerized CASA system (SCA) and the simple fluorescence test (propidium iodide), respectively. The results showed that only total (TM) and progressive (PM) motility were affected (P<0.001) by the cryopreservation process. The Gly-8 group yielded higher MT (P<0.01) than control, Gly-2, Gly-4 and Gly-6 groups; and a higher MP (P<0.05) than the control group. The straightness (STR) was higher (P<0.05) after freezing with Gly-2 and Gly-6 compared to the control, while the oscillation (WOB) was higher (P <0.05) with Gly -6 and Gly-8 compared to control. Likewise, higher values (P <0.05) of beat-cross frequency (BCF) were obtained with the Gly-6, Gly-8 and Gly-10 groups than control group. Finally, PMI value (viability) was higher with Gly-8 compared to Gly-2 (P <0.05) and control (P <0.01), irrespective of plasma membrane functionality (HOST+). In conclusion, the addition of 8% glycerol to the freezing medium yielded a better kinetic response and plasma membrane integrity of cryopreserved fighting rooster sperm. Keywords:. Fighting rooster, semen, glycerol, freezing, Lake-Ravie