Trabajos de Titulación - Medicina Veterinaria

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  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Diseño de un modelo anatómico de aprendizaje para cateterización transuretral en caninas
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Manzón Maurad, Erick Xavier; Rubio Arias , Pablo Giovanny; 0106432917
    Developing a 3D-printed canine anatomical model for teaching transurethral catheterization addresses a significant advance in veterinary medicine. This research aims to develop a 3D-printed anatomical model of the canine urinary excretory system to enhance the teaching and practice of canine transurethral catheterization, facilitating safe and effective learning for veterinary medical students. A detailed anatomical model was designed using 3D printing technology based on canine computed tomography (CT) scans. The project included design, printing, and practical validation phases with veterinary medical students to evaluate the model's effectiveness in learning transurethral catheterization. The results showed a significant improvement in the students' learning curve who practiced with the 3D model, evidencing reduced procedure times and a lower error rate than traditional teaching methods. In terms of results, the 3D anatomical model is a valuable pedagogical tool in veterinary education, allowing students to acquire and perfect essential practical skills in transurethral catheterization in canines without compromising the animals’ safety. Adapting 3D-printed anatomical models in veterinary training programs is suggested to improve students' practical competence. Furthermore, additional studies are recommended to explore the application of 3D models in other areas of veterinary medicine.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Efecto de la suplementación del ácido docosahexaenoico (DHA) sobre el marmoleado en la canal en cuyes genotipo mejorado
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Cajilima Cajilima, Fanny Estefanía; Rubio Arias, Pablo Giovanny; 0106370315
    This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on productive parameters and the impact on carcass marbling in improved genotype guinea pigs. For this purpose, a total of 72 female guinea pigs of 25 days of age, with an average initial weight of 450 g ± 30 g at the beginning of the experiment, were used. They were distributed in three different treatments, with three replicates (8 guinea pigs per replicate), T0 (without DHA), T1 (0.5% DHA), and T2 (1% DHA); they were subjected to an adaptation period of 15 days; the study lasted approximately 13 weeks. The variables evaluated included productive parameters (weight, feed intake, and feed conversion) and the percentage of fat infiltration in the Supraspinatus and Biceps Femoris muscles. The results of the productive parameters did not show significant differences (p<0.05) between treatments; as for total feed consumption, T0 reached an average consumption of 512.72 g DM/week/quy. T0 recorded the highest weight gain with an average weight of 105.38 g/cuy. The accumulated feed conversion was recorded in T0 (5.84), T1 (6.07), and T2 (5.82). Concerning fatty infiltration, there was no high adipocyte content among the muscle fibers evaluated; few adipocytes were observed in the treatments that included DHA (T1 0.5% and T2 1%); the infiltration was null in T0. It was concluded that the addition of DHA did not impact productive parameters and marbling. Keywords: Docosahexaenoic acid, production parameters, marbling, guinea pigs, diet, treatments.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Determinación del índice de masa corporal encuyes en base de sus variables morfométricas
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Merchán Dután, Edwin Daniel; Rubio Arias, Pablo Giovanny; 0106840325
    This research aimed to develop a regression model to predict body mass index using antemortem morphometric variables in guinea pigs (Cavia Porcellus). Fifty 21-day-old guinea pigs of the improved genotype from both sexes were used, divided into 25 females and 25 males, which were fed green fodder. The variables studied were: increase in body mass, head-tail length (thoracic circumference, abdominal circumference, upper arm circumference, and leg length), and weight. For the study, the guinea pigs were weighed every 15 days. The following morphometric measurements were taken: body length (BL), head length (HL), head width (HW), thoracic circumference (TC), abdominal circumference (AC), upper arm circumference (UAC), upper arm length (UAL), leg length (LL). Afterwards,15 guinea pigs were sacrificed at random. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk tests were applied. The results determined that the sex of the guinea pigs does not influence the weight because the males obtained a weight of 650.83g, while the females 645.80g; similarly, in terms of the length of the head-tail, there is no significant difference because the females reached a length of 27.8cm and the males 27.6cm. On the other hand, 63.4% of the variability of the body mass index (0.69) was determined, giving a good predictive result in the animal's weight and head-tail length during the sixth week, which is important data for future research. Keywords: Guinea pigs, body condition index, body mass increase
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Consumo de tortas protéicas para abejas con la adición de aceites esenciales de cedrón, manzanilla y toronjil
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2024) Muñoz Ortiz , Federico Xavier; Cuenca Condoy, Mercy del Cisne; 0103900288
    The study evaluated the consumption of base protein cakes with the addition of essential oils in Apis Mellifera bees, using four hives distributed in a 4 x 4 design, with four treatments: T0 (Control Base cake), T1 (Cedron cake), T2 (Lemon balm cake), and T3 (Chamomile cake) for 30 days, with a rotation frequency of 7 days, an adaptation period of seven days, using video surveillance system to determine food preference outside the hives. The variables analyzed were feed consumption, consumption time, and palatability of the protein cakes. The analysis of results showed a significant difference (p<0.05) in feed consumption, with the highest feed consumption for treatment T3 (chamomile cake) at 31.30 g/day and the lowest consumption for T1 (Cedron cake) at 5.10 g/day. Regarding the preference or palatability of the cakes outside the hive, there was a significant difference between treatments (p<0.05) being more palatable the cake enriched with chamomile oil at 31.28 g/day. It is concluded that using medicinal plant oils, particularly chamomile essential oil, significantly improves the palatability of protein cakes intended for bee (Apis mellifera) consumption. Keywords: Apis mellifera, Protein Cake, Essential oil, Lemon balm, Chamomile, Cedron.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Monitoreo de la variación del ritmo cardíaco equino en la manada bajo diferentes circunstancias sociales utilizando el pulsómetro digital
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2023) Ordoñez Malo, Juan Martín; Maldonado Cornejo, Manuel Esteban; 0105187561
    Heart rate synchronization was evaluated as a physiological indicator of herd social behavior and animal welfare. For this purpose, it was assumed that the higher the variability in heartbeats, the lower the synchronization, and vice versa. As these values become more similar, the herd's heartbeats system exhibits greater synchrony, identical to what naturally occurs at an individual level. Therefore, this statistical parameter was evaluated in five experiments in which the animals were exposed to five different types of stimuli: Rest, Grazing, Flight, Work, and the Presence of another Human. Four Endurance horses that have lived together for more than two years in the same herd were used, whose cardiac activity was monitored through a digital chest heart rate monitor before and after each stimulus. The Coefficient of Variation (CV%) was analyzed before and after the experiment, determining the percentile change. It was observed that in response to a stressor event, the variance in the herd's heart rate increases. In contrast, in the presence of social behaviors or group work, this variance decreases. It is an indicator of heart rate harmonization, making herd heart rate monitoring a plausible indicator of animal welfare. It can be considered in both sports competitions and technical animal welfare assessments in equine breeding systems. Keywords: herd, Endurance horses, heart rate, animal welfare, variance