Trabajos de Titulación - Economía

URI permanente para esta colección

Examinar

Envíos recientes

Mostrando 1 - 5 de 42
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Análisis de las importaciones ecuatorianas: un enfoque de series temporales para el periodo dolarizado 2000-2020
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca, 2024) Choco Yunga, Melissa Del Cisne; Ugalde Vásquez, Andrés Francisco; 0105465843
    The study of imports within a country can be related to its growth and development in several ways, some of which have a particular transcendence given the situation. Therefore, this research aims to analyze import behavior in Ecuador during the dollarization, considering that imports are part of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The study is focused on demonstrating whether the import behavior is related to the GDP behavior. For this purpose, different theories were studied to justify the research; these theories define imports as the acquisition of raw materials, products, or goods that are not produced within a country and that arrive with a better production process, industrialization, or commercialization. In contrast, GDP is the total goods or services produced domestically. For data collection, macroeconomic information from the Central Bank of Ecuador (BCE by its Spanish acronym) was used as a reference, with quarterly cutoff for the period 2000-2020. In the data analysis stage, an ARMA model for time series was applied, which made it possible to conclude, after processing the variables, that a change in imports is related to a change in GDP by 55%.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    Niveles de desempleo y pérdida de competitividad en la industria ecuatoriana post pandemia
    (Univeridad Católica de Cuenca, 2024) Mercado Tacuri , Leonardo Paul; Ortiz Lazo , Diego Fernando; 0106809668
    This research aims to analyze the unemployment levels and loss of competitiveness in the Ecuadorian industry post-pandemic period 2021. A theoretical, synthetic-analytical, and inductive-deductive method was used to meet this objective, with a descriptive scope and a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach. Qualitatively, a literature review was used, while quantitatively, a survey was applied to 225 industrial companies in Cuenca; the technique and instruments are the survey. The results of this study revealed that companies had reduced their post-pandemic workforce, and to increase their competitiveness, companies have implemented the following strategies: teleworking modality, online sales, marketing strategies, and salary reduction. Thereby, they have achieved the reactivation of companies and recovery of sources of employment.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    “Análisis económico del impacto de la eliminación de subsidios en Ecuador caso: Gasolina, Diésel y Glp”
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca, 2024) Sisalima Shiña, Santiago Andrés; Tinto , Arandes Jaime; 0150085140
    This research assesses the economic impact of from removing subsidies on fossil fuels (diesel, gasoline, and LPG). In order to evaluate the fluctuations in the prices of production factors as a consequence of removing these subsidies, an ARIMA econometric time-series model is used to make projections of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), an Input-Output Matrix (IPM) of Ecuador with data from the year 2020, and the Leontief production equation, to determine the final demand of Ecuador until the year 2027. Once this is established, fuel subsidies are removed, which generates inflation in the prices of the production elements, affecting intermediate consumption, final demand, and total consumption. Based on these fluctuations, changes in the country's macroeconomic and sectoral indices are determined, establishing a link between the Input-Output Matrix (IPM) and the econometric ARIMA model. IPM is incorporated integrally in the macro model, allowing to solve one based on the other and vice versa.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    “Gobernabilidad y liderazgo a nivel parroquial urbano del cantón Cuenca”
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca, 2024) Erraez Morocho , Marco Antonio; Rosales Namicela , Mónica Briggith; 0106348576
    This article examines leadership and governance in Cuenca, the capital of the Azuay province. It is important to note that most of the population is concentrated in the urban area. A quantitative evaluation instrument was developed using a Likert scale questionnaire to determine the nature and scope of leadership and governance in the urban parish sphere of the Cuenca canton. The surveys were applied to 50 leaders of urban neighborhoods in the canton. Regarding leadership, there is a predominance of moderate skills, with 66% of participants in the middle category. In contrast, governance evaluation shows a marked dichotomy, with 50% of participants perceiving average levels. Analyzing the correlation between governance and leadership reinforces the interrelationship between these variables. Despite the significant association supported by the chi-square tests, it is essential to note the presence of cells with expected frequencies less than five.
  • Ítem
    Acceso Abierto
    “Incidencia de la responsabilidad social empresarial en la competitividad del sector turístico. Caso empresas de alojamiento en el corredor Santa Bárbara”
    (Universidad Católica de Cuenca, 2024) Castro Espinoza , Franklin Santiago; Ortiz Lazo, Diego Fernando; 0105598650
    This research analyzes Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its relationship with the competitiveness of lodging companies operating in the Santa Bárbara Corridor. Similarly, it should be noted that the research employed a mixed methodology with a correlational and non-experimental design. Likewise, data collection was conducted through a survey of lodging entrepreneurs. The analysis included statistical techniques to evaluate the perception of entrepreneurs on the influence of CSR practices on the competitiveness of the companies studied. The results revealed a direct relationship between CSR and the increase in competitiveness of lodging companies. Ultimately, it was concluded that CSR influences business competitiveness. Therefore, adopting ethical and sustainable business practices to build a more equitable and fair business environment is highlighted.