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- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoPrevalencia de disfunción olfatoria y gustativa en pacientes con COVID-19. Distrito 03D01(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2023) Flores Pacheco, Wendy Alexandra; Lema Remache, Cristian Enmanuel; Tintín Rea, José Fernando; 0302106679; 0302338983; ., .Background: Since the COVID-19 outbreak, olfactory and gustatory dysfunction has been evidenced as symptomatology, being a challenge to understand the influence of infection in these processes. Objective: To determine the prevalence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction in patients with COVID-19 treated at health centers in the 03D01 District. Materials and Methods: Quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with the entire population that attended from March to May 2023 in the 03D01 District, aged 19 to 64 years with voluntary participation fulfilling selection criteria; the sample consisted of 421 patients who responded to a survey used by Gomez et al., validating it by Cronbach's Alpha 0.87. Bioethical aspects were respected and complied with. Results. 87.89% presented COVID-19 with a greater contagion in 2022; olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions 54.32%, with a predominance of a total loss of this symptomatology. The most affected group was adults aged 30-39 years, 37.30% surveyed stated that the dysfunctions appeared together with other symptoms, and 37.03% commented that they had recovered after a few days; as for the association between dysfunctions and the variables sex and age, statistical significance was found in the male sex. Conclusions: There was a significant number of adults with olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions, mainly women were affected, and the statistical significance was for the male group; young adults were the most affected, and the variables rhinorrhea and disorders were manifested in a significant group of respondents.
- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoProceso de atención de enfermería en el síndrome de hellp(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2021) Illescas Villa, Manuel Eriberto; Maza Guillermo, Karla Ximena; Cobos Alvarracín, Marcia Yolanda; 0106356223; 0106802002The pathology of hellp syndrome (HS) is a complication that manifests itself during pregnancy due to hemolysis, which is the increase of liver enzymes and thrombocytopenia. Objective: To analyze the prevalence of HS, risk factors, complications that occur in pregnant women, the management of HS, and finally nursing care in the face of this pathology. Methodology: A literature review study, which was carried out in scientific databases such as Scopus, Taylor & Francis, Web of Science, ProQuest, PubMed, Z-library articles, Medigraphic, Scielo. Health Sciences Descriptors was used. Results: The worldwide prevalence of (SH) Paraguay with 14.2 %, Peru 9.7 %, Mexico 2.20 %, Argentina 1.5 %. Risk factors are twin pregnancy, preeclampsia, family history, acute renal disease, multiparous, arterial hypertension, obesity, age over 35 years and under 20 years, primigravidae. Complications include massive hemorrhage, placental abruption, heart failure, septic shock, cerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, retinal detachment, tubular necrosis, diabetes insipidus, hepatic hemorrhage. Therapeutic management consists of administering dexamethasone, magnesium sulfate, transfusion of platelet components, administration of electrolytes, computed tomography studies, abdominal ultrasound should also be performed. Conclusions: Nursing care is an essential role in the care of the human being since they are the first link in receiving the patient accompanying her before, during, and after delivery, their main function is to protect the health of the mother/neonate.