Examinando por Autor "Macancela Córdova, Leonardo Saúl"
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- ÍtemAcceso AbiertoAnálisis de empleo de bloques de poliestireno, bloque pómez y casetones plásticos para el alivianamiento de losas rectangulares en edificaciones multifamiliares(Universidad Católica de Cuenca., 2019) Macancela Córdova, Leonardo Saúl; Illescas Cárdenas, Paúl Esteban; 0302308119; ., .This graduation work is about an economic analysis of a multifamily building, which was built in reinforced concrete, with building elevation variations and material used to lighten reticular slabs. The evaluated materials are: polystyrene blocks, pumice blocks and plastic panels. Depending on the specific weight of each type of lightening, the resistant structure varies the sections of its structural elements, establishing an advantage for lower weight specific materials. The material showing the best results is expanded polystyrene (EPS) blocks. Due to a structural analysis, it is shown that this material generates columns sections, beams and footings smaller than those of greater specific weight. This study is structured within a scientific research practical method. It was used computational models of matrix analysis were used to determine structural sections that comply with resisting design requests and to verify their weight among lightening options. As a result, it was obtained structural elements dimensions and the budget for each building’s height. Based on these data, verification graphs have been created according to the cost of each analyzed construction system.